Barron's: How to Target Qualified Opportunity Zone Investments

The Opportunity Zones Index (OZI) is a project of Develop LLC, in partnership with Esri, a leading mapping & spatial data analytics firm, to assess and rank nearly 8,000 Opportunity Zones (OZs), providing the first comprehensive economic baseline analysis of OZs in the U.S.  The OZI is a relative measurement, exclusively made up of low-income communities in America. 

These low-income communities were specially designated as OZs in 2018 by the Governors of every state and five U.S. territories, as well as the Mayor of the District of Columbia, following the creation of this bipartisan community development program by Congress through the 2017 tax reform legislation.  In total, OZs cover roughly 12% of the U.S. and 35 million Americans.

The underlying OZI data comes from projections from Esri Demographics based on the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey.    These metrics include:

  • 2018-2023 Population Growth Rate
  • 2018 Total Retail Sales
  • 2023 Median Household Income
  • 2023 Median Home Value
  • 2018 Bachelor's Degree Rate
  • 2018 Unemployment Rate

OZI scores are derived from the average ranking of each OZ, equally weighing all six of these indicators, and then normalized as a national percentile of all OZs.  OZI scores range from zero to 100, with 100 being a designation of the OZ that scores the highest across the dataset.

OZs with stronger baseline economic fundamentals, compared to other OZs nationwide, are associated with the blue end of the map's spectrum, and OZs with weaker baseline economic fundamentals are associated with the red end of the map's spectrum.  By clicking on any of the OZs on the interactive map, you can find its index score, as well as the raw data underlying that result.  The map also includes icons indicating the locations within OZs of Medicaid-eligible hospitals, as well as four-year universities and graduate schools.

The OZI captures OZs within the 50 states and DC, but does not include data for U.S. territories.  Individual OZ data has been aggregated, averaged, and indexed at the county, state, and metropolitan levels.  All states, as well as metros and counties with at least 10 OZs, are ranked in the data tables below.

The OZI does not measure the "investability" of any individual OZ, which requires several additional layers of analysis and evaluation.  However, the hope is that the OZI will provide a tool for wealth managers, fund managers, real estate developers, business investors, and other stakeholders to gain a much deeper understanding of where there is "opportunity" in communities they may have never seriously explored before due to the surprising pockets of potential the OZI reveals in every state and metro area.  

RankMetro NameStateScorePopulationPopulation GrowthRetail SalesHousehold IncomeHome ValueBachelor's DegreeUnemployment Rate
110AkronOH17.6962,673-0.06%$63,591,880$34,478$90,6559.88%8.94%
128AlbanyGA1.3439,835-0.62%$41,564,452$23,717$73,0046.59%13.97%
64Albany-Schenectady-TroyNY49.0654,1860.50%$40,016,791$37,221$162,20614.42%9.09%
38AlbuquerqueNM61.39102,5100.75%$110,849,500$45,015$163,05614.05%8.57%
75Allentown-Bethlehem-EastonPA43.4367,5740.45%$71,423,940$40,562$155,42212.13%10.47%
39Ann ArborMI60.8631,1550.68%$38,606,076$44,871$108,44215.82%8.79%
72Atlanta-Sandy Springs-RoswellGA45.04284,6600.84%$82,454,559$35,090$147,11811.70%9.55%
109Augusta-Richmond CountyGA18.5088,5540.14%$45,059,192$31,783$107,8489.37%9.79%
12Austin-Round RockTX81.50205,4801.96%$51,897,484$48,424$192,82114.85%5.97%
89BakersfieldCA32.98213,5950.81%$48,233,090$40,133$156,8725.08%9.85%
99Baltimore-Columbia-TowsonMD28.42212,3810.00%$49,351,745$43,368$182,03611.88%11.66%
92Baton RougeLA30.56138,5060.36%$43,804,823$33,689$131,16110.40%7.47%
117Beaumont-Port ArthurTX10.7255,630-0.20%$64,871,780$40,127$88,0747.42%10.49%
107Birmingham-HooverAL21.45125,7540.23%$84,521,238$32,747$107,08510.25%9.93%
11Boston-Cambridge-NewtonMA83.38333,5070.72%$82,306,859$55,548$349,52016.86%8.21%
17Bridgeport-Stamford-NorwalkCT75.3478,8031.13%$127,243,569$50,667$278,84016.71%12.36%
56Brownsville-HarlingenTX51.4787,6400.71%$52,319,383$43,723$126,91410.94%6.30%
118Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara FallsNY10.1993,3090.03%$62,478,894$32,540$86,68311.88%10.94%
47Cape Coral-Fort MyersFL57.1064,5002.08%$49,209,803$47,182$136,92110.75%10.76%
44Charleston-North CharlestonSC57.9164,2161.66%$55,890,050$37,666$202,70710.69%8.45%
85Charlotte-Concord-GastoniaNC34.32187,1751.00%$77,666,677$36,538$120,1899.59%10.59%
40ChattanoogaTN59.7942,4302.14%$124,424,905$29,243$205,68113.31%9.44%
113Chicago-Naperville-ElginIL13.40819,834-0.03%$26,090,876$34,439$171,9239.60%15.64%
86CincinnatiOH34.05166,8580.49%$68,399,835$36,600$138,68313.32%9.89%
121Cleveland-ElyriaOH8.58173,2960.27%$36,935,454$34,375$115,63210.93%14.53%
42College Station-BryanTX59.2562,0931.60%$58,657,318$36,378$156,92115.37%9.74%
59ColumbiaSC50.6793,5950.66%$54,309,560$40,614$132,58113.93%9.45%
124ColumbusGA3.7537,440-0.25%$32,850,535$22,680$112,0037.13%11.73%
66ColumbusOH48.26190,7971.15%$73,969,206$36,159$113,95313.47%9.69%
55Corpus ChristiTX52.2861,5650.95%$63,645,622$43,651$114,42310.24%7.91%
49Dallas-Fort Worth-ArlingtonTX55.23269,9250.97%$94,481,494$45,860$129,1219.40%7.88%
115DaytonOH11.5369,8280.06%$50,382,944$30,212$100,38110.74%12.44%
41Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond BeachFL59.5256,7571.06%$123,191,503$33,120$147,45310.15%7.35%
7Denver-Aurora-LakewoodCO89.81150,7051.64%$131,038,871$49,093$247,47815.84%5.34%
108Detroit-Warren-DearbornMI20.38348,7550.01%$55,873,967$38,925$99,38811.79%11.32%
30DuluthMN66.2233,5350.27%$77,654,878$38,718$189,72415.36%6.67%
26Durham-Chapel HillNC69.4458,9352.25%$46,728,777$41,242$211,91915.01%6.81%
111El PasoTX17.4358,0940.57%$38,203,687$32,699$77,5237.42%6.88%
65FayettevilleNC48.7938,0830.40%$68,385,836$40,364$143,47314.68%8.84%
123FlintMI4.5641,382-0.59%$85,739,012$34,005$79,6559.33%16.71%
105Fort WayneIN23.5927,2331.06%$24,314,485$33,925$80,0319.87%6.90%
78FresnoCA40.21226,8180.71%$70,325,588$35,205$199,3577.10%7.75%
37GainesvilleFL61.6650,6810.64%$101,782,845$43,105$163,79613.57%8.87%
82Grand Rapids-WyomingMI38.0764,5271.15%$55,627,305$39,106$106,37911.22%11.69%
77Greensboro-High PointNC41.5687,9000.57%$70,327,234$35,516$123,94311.96%9.41%
87Greenville-Anderson-MauldinSC33.7870,9531.05%$60,478,339$37,503$112,4308.12%9.60%
16Gulfport-Biloxi-PascagoulaMS78.0256,9920.90%$105,115,197$48,309$159,93513.54%5.23%
70Hartford-West Hartford-East HartfordCT45.8484,2430.09%$77,582,269$43,266$205,36311.29%11.19%
48Hickory-Lenoir-MorgantonNC56.8456,4010.20%$142,801,688$42,510$138,4769.80%7.72%
74Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar LandTX44.24746,4141.40%$65,940,868$42,035$124,7389.56%10.09%
58HuntsvilleAL50.9459,1470.80%$190,599,377$39,010$147,02013.01%9.73%
60Indianapolis-Carmel-AndersonIN50.13167,7710.73%$101,921,415$42,226$131,68413.05%7.47%
79JacksonMS39.9574,1800.01%$163,294,900$35,338$99,95812.70%7.24%
81JacksonvilleFL38.34142,0580.68%$68,653,959$38,525$145,2669.34%9.57%
80Kansas CityMO39.14182,7540.65%$44,874,841$40,916$115,41411.11%7.68%
98Killeen-TempleTX28.6947,0940.28%$21,770,059$42,827$87,84010.99%7.40%
34Kingsport-Bristol-BristolTN62.7350,405-0.14%$115,814,127$45,156$134,93011.69%4.99%
23KnoxvilleTN71.0577,9391.01%$81,585,085$41,587$155,36212.91%5.41%
90LafayetteLA32.4463,8640.42%$92,412,061$33,557$123,7369.62%8.70%
103Lakeland-Winter HavenFL24.6664,3820.94%$39,416,436$39,022$110,0587.52%12.43%
36Lansing-East LansingMI61.9343,5510.48%$76,309,241$43,867$119,33615.60%8.26%
71Las Vegas-Henderson-ParadiseNV45.31182,3951.00%$114,623,366$36,294$166,9577.38%9.44%
69Little Rock-North Little Rock-ConwayAR46.1141,0340.53%$64,751,562$32,875$125,34613.28%8.68%
24Los Angeles-Long Beach-AnaheimCA70.781,346,8960.66%$60,788,942$44,218$438,87711.92%6.38%
106Louisville/Jefferson CountyKY21.9893,1150.43%$58,093,361$31,260$126,9998.72%11.15%
100LubbockTX28.1540,1890.70%$45,921,104$40,258$81,4778.76%7.70%
28LynchburgVA68.9049,3920.98%$105,901,294$40,198$132,53115.41%6.59%
127Macon-Bibb CountyGA1.6140,052-0.48%$54,795,661$23,414$72,5056.02%14.20%
2MadisonWI94.9162,1141.06%$231,381,299$47,729$197,03622.25%3.44%
54McAllen-Edinburg-MissionTX52.55205,8651.44%$87,201,787$38,915$90,0349.06%6.87%
102MemphisTN24.93136,0490.09%$73,576,053$33,614$118,95110.39%8.82%
68MercedCA46.3852,3890.51%$75,614,181$45,593$198,7967.49%8.42%
76Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm BeachFL43.16596,8831.02%$97,049,337$35,856$187,6249.25%11.96%
114Milwaukee-Waukesha-West AllisWI13.14103,6330.09%$40,567,153$30,408$112,01410.30%9.26%
15Minneapolis-St. Paul-BloomingtonMN79.09239,5050.94%$80,775,069$45,844$223,95118.04%7.69%
119MobileAL9.9235,8980.02%$57,157,533$29,352$117,26810.22%12.98%
88ModestoCA33.5187,2590.67%$45,457,506$42,173$207,1094.85%10.62%
101MontgomeryAL26.5460,2850.24%$69,142,213$36,015$95,38410.12%9.75%
29Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--FranklinTN67.56127,5101.32%$129,923,480$35,485$178,29112.73%7.10%
93New Haven-MilfordCT30.3081,6570.03%$57,244,512$41,569$199,43610.08%13.01%
73New Orleans-MetairieLA44.7796,6220.88%$68,323,608$32,796$184,69313.49%10.23%
18New York-Newark-Jersey CityNY75.072,192,5910.87%$62,278,473$48,378$477,59015.31%7.37%
46North Port-Sarasota-BradentonFL57.3747,0772.05%$66,643,646$40,107$164,1259.16%8.28%
14Ogden-ClearfieldUT80.9744,2141.29%$121,645,632$49,623$175,67511.15%5.84%
63Oklahoma CityOK49.3366,7601.73%$47,595,584$38,492$104,80415.47%10.80%
62Omaha-Council BluffsNE49.6046,3281.20%$119,987,548$35,123$111,62318.21%9.61%
35Orlando-Kissimmee-SanfordFL62.20214,7691.45%$87,613,556$41,957$175,79210.28%9.20%
95Philadelphia-Camden-WilmingtonPA29.76501,1460.46%$37,483,815$38,592$151,16912.77%12.78%
25Phoenix-Mesa-ScottsdaleAZ69.97415,4781.51%$113,994,917$42,961$167,92911.19%7.69%
122PittsburghPA6.43196,475-0.19%$24,776,832$35,042$70,22111.21%11.20%
3Portland-Vancouver-HillsboroOR94.64211,2871.54%$226,306,781$51,458$331,30218.17%6.29%
32Providence-WarwickRI65.68153,2410.33%$87,752,297$42,076$269,63013.95%7.99%
6RaleighNC90.35126,1871.66%$122,332,952$53,399$181,55419.66%6.95%
19RenoNV74.5340,2021.29%$167,677,941$35,778$221,05810.95%4.94%
27RichmondVA69.17121,4811.16%$67,905,823$45,199$161,91616.56%7.96%
67Riverside-San Bernardino-OntarioCA46.92598,6040.82%$91,342,006$41,317$224,9776.13%9.63%
116RochesterNY11.2681,260-0.04%$57,123,172$31,272$90,8669.71%12.82%
20Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-ArcadeCA73.99256,8521.13%$95,951,067$44,756$298,85712.99%8.71%
112St. LouisMO15.01204,693-0.23%$49,752,209$36,223$127,82510.51%10.83%
13SalisburyMD81.2387,3320.63%$115,394,204$53,682$218,50413.10%5.15%
4Salt Lake CityUT93.0385,9841.56%$294,204,864$57,427$226,32216.13%6.77%
84San Antonio-New BraunfelsTX37.00123,8101.17%$94,360,059$39,054$111,9207.93%7.87%
33San Diego-CarlsbadCA64.61239,4850.83%$49,860,099$40,927$381,4099.37%6.68%
10San Francisco-Oakland-HaywardCA85.79371,5961.07%$62,121,800$57,475$472,17816.81%6.63%
1San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa ClaraCA95.4473,0891.26%$195,923,694$67,792$532,38816.88%5.78%
43Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--HazletonPA58.4546,1910.01%$113,620,832$41,683$130,67915.83%5.99%
8Seattle-Tacoma-BellevueWA89.01206,6981.49%$157,228,970$53,464$362,06716.49%7.80%
97Shreveport-Bossier CityLA29.2244,820-0.13%$100,511,251$34,092$107,56310.08%5.36%
21Spokane-Spokane ValleyWA73.7358,4640.89%$83,425,926$43,233$224,29913.05%5.41%
52SpringfieldMA53.6289,8030.22%$84,433,873$39,957$220,35312.73%8.63%
31SpringfieldMO65.9560,7170.59%$113,558,004$42,219$121,68513.73%6.22%
57Stockton-LodiCA51.2198,5080.89%$65,208,983$43,341$215,2256.06%9.10%
120SyracuseNY9.3844,2810.04%$59,199,386$26,727$93,04510.35%12.46%
91TallahasseeFL32.1743,0630.24%$50,065,431$32,126$159,34815.03%12.57%
83Tampa-St. Petersburg-ClearwaterFL37.27239,0021.38%$57,054,317$37,255$129,9509.40%10.32%
125ToledoOH3.2236,676-0.02%$16,424,610$27,246$66,5378.60%17.42%
61TucsonAZ49.87118,7780.62%$97,205,091$37,298$166,48211.73%10.03%
104TulsaOK23.8681,2200.51%$51,671,686$34,192$96,19910.35%9.58%
45TuscaloosaAL57.6450,6820.68%$78,927,371$33,805$143,02514.25%6.44%
53TylerTX52.8266,4670.89%$55,882,684$44,641$107,3287.98%6.71%
5Urban HonoluluHI92.7650,7840.69%$148,948,475$58,296$470,52511.77%3.31%
51Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport NewsVA53.89179,5110.34%$94,601,087$43,529$195,47811.69%9.18%
50Visalia-PortervilleCA54.96123,3150.66%$70,502,323$44,479$237,5155.64%7.32%
9Washington-Arlington-AlexandriaDC87.94530,9941.04%$126,851,613$66,245$330,06916.58%7.21%
96WichitaKS29.4928,1630.45%$43,328,653$36,519$106,98311.52%8.32%
94Winston-SalemNC30.0355,5400.65%$40,676,936$34,731$143,08512.18%10.44%
22WorcesterMA72.9287,6400.51%$95,031,664$48,452$219,28313.08%7.28%
126Youngstown-Warren-BoardmanOH2.1440,460-0.65%$26,225,690$32,011$56,9697.34%13.35%
RankStateScorePopulationPopulation GrowthRetail SalesHousehold IncomeHome ValueBachelor's DegreeUnemployment Rate
45Alabama12626,6970.19%$92,259,486$34,933$116,84111.27%9.12%
26Alaska5091,0530.21%$73,254,576$56,184$212,94912.47%11.53%
22Arizona58732,0311.08%$98,953,549$42,071$169,32610.97%8.36%
41Arkansas20376,1440.07%$80,128,059$36,190$106,2319.93%6.64%
18California664,295,6810.75%$71,486,844$44,982$348,51810.65%7.33%
5Colorado92524,1451.08%$106,622,207$48,230$226,28615.23%4.78%
30Connecticut42288,2650.27%$85,853,258$45,047$217,51512.31%11.78%
19Delaware6494,9870.71%$62,929,710$43,935$187,05212.60%7.35%
25District of Columbia5292,4381.03%$24,293,446$41,470$391,12212.08%13.73%
36Florida301,937,3271.08%$75,383,834$38,174$155,5879.36%10.46%
49Georgia41,041,7500.15%$67,565,167$31,974$110,9808.60%8.85%
1Hawaii100108,4100.84%$197,060,558$58,925$521,36314.69%3.31%
7Idaho88130,9220.75%$98,329,395$41,848$173,35113.74%4.23%
51Illinois01,180,757-0.16%$32,937,962$34,502$142,6349.65%13.40%
38Indiana26546,9730.37%$77,377,638$40,327$112,73111.20%6.44%
29Iowa44214,5230.16%$104,518,959$40,798$98,87213.00%4.77%
39Kansas24242,969-0.12%$57,061,156$40,890$107,17013.38%6.17%
46Kentucky10571,9700.17%$64,042,755$35,329$113,3369.22%7.33%
44Louisiana14557,4720.34%$64,959,226$32,810$135,80010.72%8.38%
15Maine72116,3180.01%$131,725,562$45,490$152,46614.18%4.63%
20Maryland62610,3770.34%$98,618,579$54,460$226,40013.44%8.46%
11Massachusetts80561,9080.47%$89,905,902$49,668$299,97314.84%8.08%
47Michigan8891,9970.02%$69,229,883$38,938$102,08711.61%10.56%
9Minnesota84499,9700.52%$85,217,703$45,361$184,66415.36%6.05%
37Mississippi28453,8960.05%$118,752,996$38,372$120,52412.91%8.14%
42Missouri18596,7260.13%$65,489,397$38,960$122,27111.15%8.00%
21Montana6093,1240.34%$71,927,742$40,622$171,76215.70%6.80%
24Nebraska54151,3870.77%$74,126,529$40,072$113,01715.36%7.45%
28Nevada46248,6151.01%$121,294,595$37,439$177,4087.92%8.36%
3New Hampshire96128,9670.23%$123,345,249$54,397$206,90416.10%3.58%
17New Jersey68758,9730.58%$84,978,292$48,235$284,28512.57%7.98%
32New Mexico38275,1100.28%$86,040,194$42,929$149,64712.15%8.33%
23New York562,150,1270.56%$55,141,196$43,704$387,31114.37%8.17%
33North Carolina361,161,9720.63%$76,733,596$39,866$146,37611.97%8.94%
10North Dakota8286,6720.86%$125,615,735$41,861$130,75118.36%4.84%
50Ohio2981,4530.21%$53,139,057$35,874$104,89110.56%11.15%
43Oklahoma16390,5410.50%$59,745,172$37,647$102,76611.65%8.40%
2Oregon98425,7621.11%$203,258,310$47,730$278,11016.29%6.05%
48Pennsylvania6988,1740.09%$40,710,919$36,382$109,22412.07%11.62%
16Rhode Island70114,1410.30%$89,916,717$41,341$265,14815.25%7.30%
40South Carolina22561,6440.62%$64,596,551$37,601$126,54110.80%8.50%
14South Dakota74101,0940.72%$108,701,103$44,616$130,24214.21%7.22%
34Tennessee34723,3550.56%$85,348,602$36,147$142,40010.54%7.43%
35Texas323,041,3170.91%$64,059,505$42,010$113,9219.65%7.93%
4Utah94217,9651.30%$166,175,077$52,059$209,39915.62%6.35%
12Vermont7892,5490.08%$89,633,083$43,016$194,72016.70%5.38%
13Virginia76914,4840.49%$99,077,467$49,655$195,28414.57%6.41%
6Washington90612,2761.02%$100,798,091$51,116$272,69714.44%6.45%
31West Virginia40209,8850.05%$79,804,409$38,771$124,40612.94%5.82%
27Wisconsin48439,7690.24%$89,129,567$38,165$134,45513.88%5.52%
8Wyoming86107,8120.34%$83,428,799$51,325$183,85315.01%5.86%
RankCountyStateScorePopulationPopulation GrowthRetail SalesHousehold IncomeHome ValueBachelor's DegreeUnemployment Rate
13Alameda County California87.45201,7531.15%$60,730,886$54,564$470,07118.20%6.60%
124Allegheny County Pennsylvania8.34164,812-0.16%$21,429,738$34,862$67,86711.76%11.87%
103Allen County Indiana25.6423,0711.16%$22,860,391$32,689$79,60310.25%7.30%
122Baltimore City Maryland10.37121,486-0.24%$38,893,617$32,771$150,64610.43%14.41%
34Baltimore County Maryland74.1645,6380.34%$78,316,897$56,688$218,41413.96%5.54%
1Bergen County New Jersey98.2167,5021.24%$234,788,760$69,298$410,47319.73%4.38%
29Bernalillo County New Mexico76.3070,1621.24%$145,640,165$44,645$170,96216.37%6.82%
90Bexar County Texas36.26100,9771.15%$114,702,083$35,645$108,6487.37%8.28%
133Bibb County Georgia1.3640,052-0.48%$54,795,661$23,414$72,5056.02%14.20%
44Brazos County Texas64.0356,0401.72%$65,917,935$35,424$174,04116.82%9.69%
46Bristol County Massachusetts58.8939,1000.40%$83,243,088$43,607$278,96811.23%9.45%
71Bronx County New York47.70398,6060.86%$39,471,411$30,450$369,31910.91%9.39%
61Broward County Florida52.74148,3501.35%$89,724,667$38,141$182,4249.30%10.88%
106Camden County New Jersey22.6436,0780.39%$39,998,024$34,829$122,4799.69%11.29%
66Cameron County Texas51.5387,6400.71%$52,319,383$43,723$126,91410.94%6.30%
22Clallam County Washington80.8531,6160.86%$28,485,786$54,624$216,36214.04%5.38%
73Clark County Nevada46.87182,3951.00%$114,623,366$36,294$166,9577.38%9.44%
12Contra Costa County California87.5492,6801.03%$98,800,640$56,590$337,78012.43%6.56%
118Cook County Illinois12.89607,399-0.04%$23,158,714$33,187$180,0279.82%17.47%
123Cuyahoga County Ohio9.45139,3350.31%$36,537,408$33,269$114,58511.52%15.11%
70Dallas County Texas47.7597,3961.33%$64,438,143$39,919$118,5259.54%8.21%
4Dane County Wisconsin95.2551,4761.22%$243,187,142$47,134$205,57824.28%3.65%
53Davidson County Tennessee54.9257,4701.51%$135,989,716$29,442$177,05514.06%8.81%
83DeKalb County Georgia39.7048,4830.65%$43,945,789$38,399$152,85712.74%10.23%
15Denver County Colorado84.6853,6821.50%$95,969,674$43,561$289,94614.31%7.03%
50District of Columbia District of Columbia56.4792,4381.03%$24,293,446$41,470$391,12212.08%13.73%
135Dougherty County Georgia0.8733,571-0.70%$44,680,788$22,376$71,6096.26%14.32%
62Douglas County Nebraska52.2542,0201.33%$57,253,232$35,527$115,24019.71%10.01%
102Duval County Florida28.3188,8050.46%$71,632,647$33,209$122,4078.55%10.70%
114East Baton Rouge County Louisiana16.1482,0120.20%$29,075,363$27,560$102,81410.11%8.49%
108El Paso County Texas21.6258,0940.57%$38,203,687$32,699$77,5237.42%6.88%
113Erie County New York16.2474,5820.15%$77,659,369$34,191$91,16311.84%10.84%
17Essex County Massachusetts84.3486,7220.54%$87,220,310$51,210$328,30713.74%5.94%
60Essex County New Jersey52.7985,6610.73%$60,997,434$38,105$290,47311.42%12.39%
28Fairfield County Connecticut76.5978,8031.13%$127,243,569$50,667$278,84016.71%12.36%
105Forsyth County North Carolina22.8328,4940.87%$26,261,259$30,180$139,93912.24%11.54%
76Franklin County Ohio45.18148,4441.29%$68,217,242$33,743$111,07814.25%10.46%
81Fresno County California42.37226,8180.71%$70,325,588$35,205$199,3577.10%7.75%
94Fulton County Georgia34.6189,3240.57%$46,649,274$29,770$156,42812.58%11.44%
129Genesee County Michigan5.7741,382-0.59%$85,739,012$34,005$79,6559.33%16.71%
40Greene County Missouri66.3139,9300.74%$110,840,261$39,937$110,14614.76%5.98%
86Guilford County North Carolina37.3752,8590.73%$73,136,212$30,822$121,75812.71%10.80%
110Hamilton County Ohio19.6883,0330.37%$34,423,469$29,923$129,63614.34%12.68%
92Hampden County Massachusetts35.6359,7160.22%$66,245,478$33,570$185,0328.76%10.03%
85Harris County Texas37.57485,2611.27%$61,920,824$38,461$120,5799.81%10.84%
80Hartford County Connecticut43.6774,0620.00%$82,328,639$43,429$204,02910.65%11.84%
23Hennepin County Minnesota80.27107,1231.03%$97,535,701$42,944$219,92319.50%8.35%
64Hidalgo County Texas52.06205,8651.44%$87,201,787$38,915$90,0349.06%6.87%
82Hillsborough County Florida39.75109,9591.83%$79,769,654$34,605$132,6219.18%11.31%
109Hinds County Mississippi21.0935,826-0.48%$159,155,529$30,515$88,26112.19%8.94%
9Honolulu County Hawaii92.5850,7840.69%$148,948,475$58,296$470,52511.77%3.31%
16Hudson County New Jersey84.4489,3170.88%$82,175,259$57,871$363,25118.64%7.77%
96Jackson County Missouri32.72119,1480.69%$36,433,992$37,858$102,03710.31%8.21%
112Jefferson County Alabama17.4593,5360.24%$80,696,397$29,425$100,59910.44%10.75%
125Jefferson County Kentucky8.2457,0560.29%$51,703,106$24,617$119,2217.56%13.89%
57Kane County Illinois53.1884,6920.28%$24,182,304$53,822$166,8728.05%5.64%
99Kent County Michigan30.1539,1081.43%$44,535,687$34,885$88,83810.73%13.35%
91Kern County California35.82213,5950.81%$48,233,090$40,133$156,8725.08%9.85%
5King County Washington95.06120,2831.56%$148,571,474$55,857$430,43419.96%6.67%
21Kings County New York81.00490,5000.93%$30,645,859$51,050$640,12017.71%6.56%
130Lake County Indiana5.2442,661-0.60%$42,503,075$32,603$85,2416.16%10.20%
52Lee County Florida56.1364,5002.08%$49,209,803$47,182$136,92110.75%10.76%
38Los Angeles County California69.801,167,1120.64%$54,649,382$43,157$436,26612.24%6.46%
132Lucas County Ohio1.8432,836-0.06%$16,182,327$27,517$62,3567.92%18.22%
87Macomb County Michigan37.3250,3570.36%$77,006,141$43,925$87,2188.66%8.52%
59Madison County Alabama52.8847,8000.90%$239,818,427$37,754$149,71814.78%10.91%
134Mahoning County Ohio1.2122,646-0.57%$16,168,882$31,319$52,4007.14%15.42%
37Maricopa County Arizona71.64378,8721.45%$121,421,426$42,423$170,93011.55%7.59%
69Marion County Indiana48.04121,8670.83%$92,011,913$40,164$136,82913.85%7.96%
93Mecklenburg County North Carolina35.2963,2391.55%$79,199,566$31,213$111,92910.10%12.48%
72Merced County California47.4652,3890.51%$75,614,181$45,593$198,7967.49%8.42%
74Miami-Dade County Florida46.83345,1600.93%$122,396,530$35,179$199,8189.37%12.02%
6Middlesex County Massachusetts94.4785,8171.08%$107,491,416$65,432$387,16918.62%6.39%
24Middlesex County New Jersey80.1379,4230.65%$51,017,941$52,315$306,13010.92%5.84%
115Milwaukee County Wisconsin13.9699,9720.08%$40,985,098$30,213$109,88110.17%9.40%
119Mobile County Alabama11.8835,8980.02%$57,157,533$29,352$117,26810.22%12.98%
127Monroe County New York6.9355,143-0.01%$46,639,652$27,511$83,1238.92%15.42%
117Montgomery County Alabama13.6741,9720.10%$36,228,804$29,757$79,1849.63%11.09%
2Montgomery County Maryland97.4861,4411.23%$229,674,526$74,540$354,08421.03%5.19%
120Montgomery County Ohio11.4954,5280.05%$47,052,559$28,084$98,00011.61%12.96%
31Montgomery County Texas75.3899,7812.46%$126,826,153$52,283$142,2517.06%7.33%
7Multnomah County Oregon92.9288,3721.73%$224,207,897$48,938$379,78821.26%7.75%
131Muscogee County Georgia4.6135,309-0.27%$33,560,460$23,070$114,7237.52%11.18%
58New Castle County Delaware52.9349,0830.61%$47,214,892$39,733$179,34013.51%9.02%
95New Haven County Connecticut34.3281,6570.03%$57,244,512$41,569$199,43610.08%13.01%
35New York County New York74.02227,3830.65%$68,465,666$40,235$683,70618.42%6.53%
88Norfolk County Virginia37.2848,8110.38%$82,649,110$37,516$197,58510.96%11.24%
43Oakland County Michigan64.7153,6220.46%$120,302,754$43,045$121,86615.92%7.29%
26Ocean County New Jersey78.1482,2441.01%$56,184,347$46,398$313,79215.32%5.62%
75Oklahoma County Oklahoma46.2439,9881.84%$55,168,110$36,138$95,39015.24%10.80%
126Onondaga County New York7.8032,5740.12%$52,687,737$21,377$88,63110.62%13.56%
14Orange County California85.70179,7840.86%$123,094,102$54,987$465,3708.65%5.57%
47Orange County Florida57.54112,5121.38%$100,771,624$39,476$178,00310.34%9.53%
78Orleans County Louisiana44.6446,1961.17%$61,126,476$28,397$194,43315.08%12.16%
98Palm Beach County Florida31.22103,3730.88%$40,183,111$34,963$162,2008.88%13.06%
84Pasco County Florida39.0247,2350.95%$33,565,486$42,699$128,9898.87%10.01%
48Passaic County New Jersey57.4966,8650.44%$41,938,342$35,070$334,7327.78%5.53%
104Philadelphia County Pennsylvania23.80311,1900.54%$30,368,066$33,702$143,11013.14%14.96%
32Pierce County Washington75.1848,0421.38%$166,207,122$46,429$252,26612.14%9.22%
68Pima County Arizona50.12118,7780.62%$97,205,091$37,298$166,48211.73%10.03%
77Pinellas County Florida44.9866,3381.11%$46,807,594$35,688$129,19710.05%8.36%
101Polk County Florida28.9964,3820.94%$39,416,436$39,022$110,0587.52%12.43%
20Prince George's County Maryland81.92122,5850.75%$81,119,661$67,504$260,62613.32%7.68%
49Providence County Rhode Island57.3481,3020.32%$95,326,668$39,402$235,64412.49%8.59%
11Queens County New York89.63266,3831.07%$58,782,624$60,695$543,61118.86%6.29%
36Ramsey County Minnesota73.9271,4201.04%$58,134,340$43,871$217,00417.76%8.77%
51Richmond City County Virginia56.4238,6351.35%$61,875,036$35,316$154,28918.49%8.63%
128Richmond County Georgia6.0138,374-0.10%$41,017,991$23,872$85,1058.30%12.75%
65Riverside County California51.62268,6581.04%$95,065,919$42,689$242,0685.95%10.21%
39Sacramento County California68.10202,3571.15%$105,275,665$43,161$268,38912.50%10.17%
10Salt Lake County Utah92.4480,6211.59%$306,181,613$57,398$228,19216.44%6.99%
79San Bernardino County California44.35329,9460.63%$88,140,747$40,139$210,2856.29%9.12%
42San Diego County California65.44239,4850.83%$49,860,099$40,927$381,4099.37%6.68%
18San Francisco County California83.1845,6621.02%$18,160,683$68,507$598,58818.88%7.90%
67San Joaquin County California51.0998,5080.89%$65,208,983$43,341$215,2256.06%9.10%
3Santa Clara County California96.0762,4161.34%$223,845,846$65,322$514,22717.60%5.57%
111Shelby County Tennessee19.6384,7230.04%$59,367,384$28,895$110,02510.43%9.75%
63Smith County Texas52.1166,4670.89%$55,882,684$44,641$107,3287.98%6.71%
33Spokane County Washington74.6547,8100.98%$111,903,538$38,537$196,81013.14%5.76%
121St. Louis City County Missouri11.3977,287-0.29%$40,813,528$32,354$161,15811.81%14.38%
97St. Louis County County Missouri32.0958,055-0.07%$75,351,828$42,118$104,64911.10%8.78%
89Stanislaus County California36.5587,2590.67%$45,457,506$42,173$207,1094.85%10.62%
56Suffolk County Massachusetts53.8157,4650.68%$45,721,896$42,335$374,19717.61%13.03%
107Summit County Ohio22.0658,740-0.06%$67,122,040$33,555$88,49410.04%8.87%
19Travis County Texas82.50124,0011.95%$62,809,475$46,548$188,93915.31%6.64%
54Tulare County California54.73123,3150.66%$70,502,323$44,479$237,5155.64%7.32%
100Tulsa County Oklahoma29.7653,3040.64%$52,700,563$31,906$94,60911.09%9.47%
41Tuscaloosa County Alabama65.5841,9490.92%$87,658,915$33,351$151,31315.51%6.12%
25Union County New Jersey80.0357,9960.88%$182,367,909$51,050$292,6909.91%8.20%
55Volusia County Florida54.1949,8700.92%$122,178,533$31,941$144,30610.13%7.53%
8Wake County North Carolina92.7879,8791.77%$160,664,151$52,565$183,25022.50%7.23%
45Washtenaw County Michigan60.6931,1550.68%$38,606,076$44,871$108,44215.82%8.79%
116Wayne County Michigan13.81228,916-0.14%$39,951,617$37,487$98,28011.78%12.71%
27Westchester County New York77.9453,0041.06%$112,319,180$44,376$399,82014.17%7.68%
30Worcester County Massachusetts75.9676,2950.60%$92,602,855$48,558$224,03413.38%6.79%